DiGIFeMa carries out investigations into accidents and incidents that occur on national territory on systems and networks falling under its responsibility. If it is not possible to determine in which Member State the accident or incident occurred, or if it occurred at or near a facility located on the border between two Member States, the competent national investigation bodies decide by mutual agreement which of them will carry out the investigation, or they decide to investigate in cooperation with each other.

The investigation of an accident or incident shall be the subject of a report drafted in a form appropriate to the type and seriousness of the occurrence and the relevance of the findings of the investigation. The report shall specify the purpose of the investigation in accordance with Article 21, par. 1 of Legislative Decree n. 50/2019, and shall contain any safety recommendations.